Types of Nutrients and Why Are They Important?

Nutrition is the process of providing or obtaining the food requirements for maintenance, reproduction, growth, well-being, and disease in an organism.  

The six types of nutrients are: 1. Water 2. Carbohydrates 3. Protein 4. Fats 5. Vitamins 6. Minerals.  

Nutrition provides nourishment, if people don't take proper nutrients there health problems are significantly increasing.

In human beings, nutrition is mainly intaken through the process of putting foods into our mouths, chewing, and swallowing it. 


Researchers consistently link to the intake of healthy nutrients patterns and lifestyle habits to the longer life of humans beings.

This article will explain briefly how different nutrients work in your body.



Fresh fish with vegetables


Types of Nutrients:-



1. Protein

Protein is an essential nutrient for the human body. Hair and nails are mostly made of protein. Your body needs protein to repair dead tissue. This helps in building muscle mass. Most people need 20 to 30% of protein a meal.

The average 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight, or 0.36 grams per pound everyone should take in a day. The good amount of protein you eat may play a role in successful weight loss and in your overall health.


Sources - Meat, Eggs, Tofu, Nuts, Cottage Cheese, Oats, Green yogurt, Broccoli, Poultry, and Fish.



2. Carbohydrate

Carbohydrates are important to your health for many reasons. They come in 3 types of sugar, starch, and fiber. Carbohydrates provide more most of the energy that is essential for your body.

As simple carbs provide quick-start energy but complex carbs provide long-lasting energy, this means eating complex carbs may help you eat less and this helps you to control your weight.


Sources - Milk, Yogurt, Beans, Bread, Rice, Grains, Potatoes, Ice-cream, and Corn.



3. Fats 

Fats are essential to give your body energy and for developing of body. Fats help to protect your organs and help keep your body warm. Fats are essential for normal functions of the brain and nervous system. Fats store an important part of energy.

By eliminating foods with fat, you miss important nutrients that play a major role in reducing inflammation, clotting blood, keeping your skin healthy, and strengthening your bones.


Monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats are called good fats as they are good for your heart, maintain cholesterol level, and your overall health.


Sources - Avocados, Cheese, Dark Chocolate, Whole Eggs, Nuts, Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Fatty Fish, and Chia Seeds



4. Vitamins

There are 13 essential vitamins. This means that these vitamins are required by your body to work properly and efficiently. They are:

•Vitamin A

•Vitamin C
•Vitamin D
•Vitamin E
•Vitamin K
•Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
•Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
•Vitamin B3 (niacin)
•Pantothenic acid (B5)
•Biotin (B7)
•Vitamin B6
•Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)
•Folate (folic acid and B9)

Each of the vitamins listed above has an important function in the body. A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough amount of a certain vitamin. Vitamin deficiency can cause certain health problems. Vitamins deficiency can cause heart disease, cancer, and poor bone health (osteoporosis).


Sources:-

Vitamin A - Eggs, Broccoli and Spinach
Vitamin C - Chilli Peppers and Guavas
Vitamin D - Cheese and Fatty Fish
Vitamin E - Nuts and fruit juices
Vitamin K - Kale, cauliflower, and cabbage
Vitamin B1 - beef, liver, and dried milk
Vitamin B2 -Milk, bread and dark meat chicken
Vitamin B3 - Meat, oily fish and milk


5. Minerals

Minerals help our body to develop and function properly. They are essential for overall health. Those essential for health include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium, zinc, chromium, copper, fluoride, iron manganese, selenium, and iodine.

Minerals play a major role in developing muscle bones. Mineral nutrients are sometimes distributed according to the amount required in the human diet to maintain a  healthy diet.


Sources - Minerals are found in foods like Dairy, Cereals, Bread, Nuts, Meat, Fish, Milk, Fruit (especially dried fruit), and Vegetables.



6. Water 

As we all know a adult human body is made up of 60% of the water. The human body needs water for doing most of the functions (cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other body functions)

As your body loses water through breathing, sweating, and digestion, it's very important to rehydrate it from time to time by drinking fluids and eating foods that contain water.


As the amount of water you need depends on many factors like, including the climate you live in, how physically active you are, how old you are and whether you're experiencing an illness or have any other health-related problems.


Sources - Cucumber, 96% water

                 Mushrooms, 92% water
                 Spinach, 93% water
                 Tomatoes, 95% water
                 Melon, 91% water
                 Broccoli, 90% water
                 Brussel sprouts, 88% water
                 Oranges, 86% water
                 Blueberries, 84% water
                 Strawberries, 91% water
                 Apples, 85% water

• All these 6 types of nutrients are good when taking in proper quantity.